What is gut dysbiosis?
Gut dysbiosis is another term that has gained a lot more attention in recent years. Gut Dysbiosis is: "an imbalance of bacteria and microbes in our bodies" (1), but it is much more complicated than that. Unlike some microbes, like salmonella, which cause serious and immediate reactions, dysbiosis often goes untreated for a long time.
Most people think it just occurs in the gut but it can also occur on your skin, vagina, nose, sinuses, ears, nails and eyes (2).
Why do we get gut dysbiosis?
There are many things or a combination of things that can lead to gut dysbiosis, such as (1):
- use of antibiotics
- poor diet
- excessive alcohol consumption
- chemicals in foods
- unprotected sex
- poor dental hygiene
- stress and anxiety
How do I know if I have it?
Truthfully, it can be hard to determine if you have it right away as many symptoms overlap with other conditions. Some of the common symptoms are (1):
- constipation and/or diarrhea
- vaginal infections
- rectal itching
- gas and bloating
- food sensitivities
- joint pain
- bad breath
- difficulty urinating
- skin issues
- poor concentration
- mood changes
Different types of gut dysbiosis:
There are are also some different patterns that may be present depending on the type of gut dysbiosis the individual as. These include (2):
insufficiency dysbiosis:not enough healthy gut bacteria which is common in individuals who have taken antibiotics throughout their lofe and/or have low fiber diets
putrefaction dysbiosis:when there aren't enough digestive enzymes, probiotics and hydrochloric acid to digest proteins in foods. This is an issue because it has been linked to hormone conditions since hormones like estrogen may get reabsorbed into the bloodstream.
fermentation dysbiosis:usually from a diet high in carbohydrates, fruit, sugar, alcohol, grains which make gas worse. Often coupled with bacterial and fungal dysbiosis.
bacterial overgrowth dysbiosis:this is when bacteria from the colon enter into the small intestine and may result in gas, bloating and diarrhea.
fungal dysbiosis:when there is an overgrowth of candida in our microbiome
parasite dysbiosis:when people have parasites
immune-inflammation dysbiosis:when inflammation leads to leaky gut and malabsorption
hypersensitivity-allergic dysbiosis:when there is an exaggerated immune response to normal amounts of yeast and bacteria
There are some testing you can do to see if you have gut dysbiosis, such as (3):
- organic acid test
- comprehensive digestive stool analysis
- hydrogen breath test
I have gut dysbiosis, now what?
Depending on the severity, or the opinion of your health care practitioner, there may be a few different treatment options. These may, or may not, include (3):
- dietary changes and eating more fresh vegetables, fish, meat, leafy greens and decreasing your intake of refined carbohydrates, some fruit, dairy, and high sugar foods
- an antibiotic treatment
- supplementation with vitamins, minerals and herbs
Anti-Inflammatory Parsnip Salmon Fries for Gut Dysbiosis:
Although I am all for a balanced diet, it doesn't hurt to cut back on your favourite fast-food french fried or even the kind you find in the freezer section. You can always make regular fried at home or use sweet potatoes by baking them but one option that I have fell in love with is parsnips.
Now before you judge, hear me out. They are the perfect texture and are not far off of potatoes, they bake really nicely- and therefore don't requiring frying- and they look like regular fries helping with the whole aesthetic of the dish - you might even be able to fool your kids with this one (just tell them its a special kind of french fry maybe?)
Now, the salmon aspect of it. All I can really say is that it just tastes good and you need to trust me!
- 6 parsnips, sliced
- 2 pieces of salmon
- 3 tbsp olive oil
- 1 tsp sea salt
- Preheat oven to 450F
- Add sliced parsnips with 2 tbsp olive oil and sea salt
- Bake for for 15 minutes, flip and bake for another 15 minutes
- Remove from oven and reheat oven to 350F
- Add 1 tbsp olive oil with salmon and bake for 25 minutes (may need less time if oven is oven is still hot)
- Serve with cashew cream cheese (previous post)
- Or enjoy fried on their own!
If you need support with your digestive health check out the Gut Rescue program and email email@example.com to book a free discovery call and see if this program is right for you.
- Lipski, Elizabeth. (2011). Digestive Wellness 4th Edition. McGraw Hill.